Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR)
IOM's assisted voluntary return and reintegration (ARVR) programs offer the possibility of return and reintegration carried out in conditions that respect human dignity and economically advantageous to migrants who can not or do not want to stay in the host country and wish to return voluntarily to their country of origin.
For migrants who have to return home but can not afford it, ARVR programs are often the only solution. These programs are open to all people abroad who need IOM's assistance, such as rejected asylum seekers or those whose application may be rejected, irregular migrants, migrants in distress, victims of trafficking and other vulnerable groups, including unaccompanied minors, elderly people or those with special medical needs.
The inability to repatriate these categories of migrants in a safe and timely manner can have serious consequences for them and can be a considerable socio-economic burden for the asylum and social assistance systems of the countries of destination and transit.
Key actors stand to gain from ARVR programs: for migrants, they offer an alternative to forced return; for the country of destination, they are economically more advantageous and administratively better adapted than forced return; as for the country of origin and bilateral relations with the country of destination, assisted voluntary return is less sensitive than forced return and offers more guarantee of reintegration.
Assistance to returning migrants in IOM programs is organized around three activities. While there are differences by program, all of them have the following three basic characteristics:
- Pre-departure activity: Advice and information on return to the country of origin, medical aid (eg medical examinations and documentation), transport assistance, including provision of travel documents.
- Travel: Departure assistance (including travel and other allowances), transportation (coordination, transit assistance, escort assistance, documents and other formalities), and medical assistance (medical examinations prior to embarkation, and transportation Healthcare).
- Reception on arrival : Reception, transport within the country, health assistance, reintegration assistance (often in cooperation with local authorities and non-governmental organizations), as well as follow-up.
Based on its experience and network of offices and partners, IOM provides services to governments to strengthen dialogue on migration management issues between countries of destination, transit and origin. to stimulate cooperation and, in so doing, facilitate sustainable returns.
ARVR programs have been undertaken worldwide for nearly three decades. Over the past decade, they have allowed just over 400,000 migrants to return safely to more than 160 countries of origin - in many cases from Europe.