IOM's comprehensive approach to trafficking in persons is part of the migration management framework. IOM's varied activities are implemented in partnership with government institutions, NGOs and international organizations. The approach is based on three principles governing all anti-trafficking activities:
- Respect for human rights
- The physical, mental and social well-being of the individual and his community
- Sustainability, by strengthening the institutional capacity of governments and civil society
Although it is difficult to quantify the global scale of the phenomenon of trafficking, it is estimated that as many as 800,000 people are trafficked every year, and that many more are trafficked. internal.
By "trafficking in persons" it is necessary to understand:
"the recruitment, transportation, transfer, accommodation or reception of persons by the threat of recourse or the use of force or other forms of coercion by abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of authority or a situation of vulnerability, or by the offer or acceptance of payments (...) to obtain the consent of one person having authority over another for the purpose of exploitation ".
(Article 3 of the Additional Protocol to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children)
The abuse and other harm that is generally experienced by victims of trafficking is rape, torture, debt bondage, illegal detention, threats to their family or persons close to them, and other forms of physical, sexual and psychological violence.
The demand for cheap labor, sexual services and certain criminal activities are all reasons for the existence of trafficking.
Through our commitment and presence around the world, we build the capacity of our partners in government and civil society, and develop operational standards to achieve sustainable results that can:
- provide protection to women, men and children of both sexes who are trafficked, ensuring that they are empowered
- to raise awareness and work towards a better understanding of the problem
- to provide justice to victims of trafficking
IOM has been fighting against human trafficking since 1994. Since then, IOM has implemented nearly 500 projects in 85 countries and has provided assistance to around 15,000 victims of human trafficking. The main objectives of IOM are to prevent trafficking and protect the victims of this trade while providing them with safe and sustainable return and / or return options in their country of origin.